Cell-Free fields of application
The bioeconomy leverages knowledge in biology and renewable biomass to meet major contemporary challenges: reducing our dependence on fossil fuels, fighting climate change, food security, and producing new innovative pharmaceutical molecules. The bioeconomy therefore encompasses all activities involved in the production and transformation of biomass, which can be of agricultural, forestry, marine or bio-waste origin, to produce bioenergy, food, bio sourced materials and biomolecules.
Biofuels, Wood, Energy, Methanization
Bio sourced materials
Bioenergies are a key part of the bioeconomy with Superethanol, for example, which contains between 65 and 85% of bioethanol produced from beets or cereals, the production of gas and electricity by the methanization of biowaste (food or agricultural in particular), or simply the use of wood energy for heating.
Although there are more than 6,000 species of plants cultivated for food purposes in the world, two thirds of our current food production originate from only 9 crops. Increasing crop diversity is therefore a key part of ensuring food security and a major part of the bioeconomy.
This increase in crop diversity will lead to nutritional advantages nutritional intake and better resistance to climatic dangers such as insects, pests and pathogens. Moreover, the use of composts from biowaste enables increased agricultural yields while replacing chemical fertilizers.
The production of bio-based materials is important to a large number of sectors, including :
. construction with the use of plant fibres such as hemp or textile waste for insulation,
. packaging with the use of an enzyme capable of biologically depolymerizing PET-type plastic waste to produce new bottles,
. linen and hemp clothing,
. toys made of wood or bioplastic produced from corn,
. automotive component such as dashboards or door panels made of thermoplastic-based plant fibres etc.…
And finally, among such biomolecules we find:
. cosmetic products containing natural oils, algae, minerals,
. detergents and vegetable-derived paints in particular, resins,
. pharmaceutical products synthesized with micro-organisms.
The green economy is leading us towards improvements in human welfare and social equity as well as reducing environmental risks and helping manage ever-diminishing resources.
Five reasons for a sustainable and circular global bioeconomy (FAO)
Understanding how methanization works
Ministry of Agriculture - France
What is the bioeconomy?
Development of a new enzyme to recycle PET plastic waste into new bottles
Economic Studies Report (pdf)
Inventory of available bio-based products